A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

Lifestyle Important Determinant of Heart Disease in Women

For years experts have advised the public to improve heart health by making various changes in diet and lifestyle. Numerous studies indicate that either not smoking, eating more fruits and vegetables, eating less saturated fat, or getting regular exercise can lower heart disease risk. Now researchers report — in the July 6 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine — that a combination of these lifestyle changes can significantly lower the risk of heart disease in women.

The researchers, led by Dr. Meir Stampfer, from the Harvard School of Public Health and the Harvard Medical School, reported on the effects of various lifestyle characteristics on the risk of heart disease in over 80,000 women enrolled in the Nurses’ Health Study. Women in the study were registered nurses, 30 to 55 years old at the beginning of the study in 1976. Subjects reported on their health status and lifestyle characteristics by questionnaires every two years for 14 years.

Researchers assessed the impact on heart disease risk of such characteristics as smoking status, body mass index — or BMI, an index of fatness — alcohol consumption, physical activity and diet quality. To evaluate diet quality, the investigators devised an index that took into account the subjects’ consumption of cereal fiber, certain fatty acids from marine fish, the B vitamin folate, trans-fatty acids, the ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fats, and glycemic load. Earlier research suggested that each of these dietary factors might influence risk of heart disease.

The researchers found that the most important risk factor for heart disease was cigarette smoking. Women who smoked more than 15 cigarettes per day had a risk of heart disease that was 5.48-fold greater than that of nonsmokers. “Even smoking one to 14 cigarettes per day tripled the risk,” the investigators noted.

Women with the lowest risk of heart disease had the following characteristics:
a high dietary quality score according to the researchers’ index
more than 5.5 hours of activity “strenuous enough to build up a sweat” each week
a BMI under 23
never smoked
consumed more than 10 grams of alcohol per day (slightly less than one beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of 80 proof distilled spirits)

Only 3 percent of the women in the study exhibited all of these characteristics and this group had a risk of heart disease that was an impressive 83 percent lower than that of all the other women combined.

Even when women had only some of the favorable characteristics, significant reductions in risk were apparent. For example, nonsmoking women who had high diet scores, engaged in moderate-to-vigorous exercise at least 30 minutes per day, and had BMIs less than 25, had a risk of heart disease that was lowered by 76 percent. And nonsmokers who also had high diet scores and engaged in moderate-to-vigorous exercise at least 30 minutes per day, lowered their risk by 57 percent even if their BMI was less favorable.

For many individuals achieving pregnancy may become illusive and frustrating. Here you can find out a lot of effective and easy ways to get pregnant fast and naturally.

Comments are closed.